Saturday, 14 April 2012

What Are The Technologies Involve In The Decision?

Mobile User Interface and mobile Web/Widgets are a foundation of application that people need in their mobile phone and PDA phone. Because of everything in society change rapidly. We need fast and convergence to serve oursatisfaction.So browser and any widgets are the factor that people looking for.

Mobile technology is exactly what the name implies - technology that is portable. Examples of mobile IT devices include:
laptop and netbook computers, palmtop computers or personal digital assistants, mobile phones and 'smart phones', global positioning system (GPS) devices, wireless debit/credit card payment terminals.

Mobile devices can be enabled to use a variety of communications technologies such as Wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) - a type of wireless local area network technology, Bluetooth - connects mobile devices wirelessly, 'third generation' (3G), global system for mobile communications (GSM) and general packet radio service (GPRS)

data services - data networking services for mobile phones
dial-up services - data networking services using modems and telephone lines
virtual private networks - secure access to a private network
It is therefore possible to network the mobile device to a home office or the internet while travelling.

Generations of mobile communications
The first generation (1G) of mobile communications was introduced in the late 1970s; it was primarily used for voice transfer. In the early 1990s, second generation (2G) systems came into existence and was further developed to 2.5G, which includes GSM, TDMA and CDMA. These were used for voice and data.
The next generation of mobile communications is 3G and this delivers data speeds from 384 kbps to 2 Mbps and over wireless interfaces such as GSM, TDMA and CDMA.

Mobile phone access technologies
Frequency division multiple access (FDMA)The first-generation analog mobile access method; FDMA uses separate frequencies for each call. For example if there are four stations, each will receive their own frequency. Thus there is no interference between them. This reduces interference, but limits the number of users.
Time division multiple access (TDMA)TDMA allocates unique time slots to each user within each channel, thus allowing many users to access the radio frequency without anyone's interference. Each mobile conversation uses only a particular frequency slot of the time. 
Code division multiple access (CDMA)

Commercially introduced in 1995 by Qualcomm, CDMA quickly became one of the world's fastest-growing wireless technologies. 3G CDMA networks provide more capacity for voice traffic, along with high-speed data capabilities, hence many cellular service providers are now building or upgrading to it.
CDMA is used in both 2G and 3G wireless technologies. Indian Cell operators like Reliance IndiaMobile, TATA Indicom, BSNL and MTNL's Garuda all use CDMA2000 technology and its variant CDMA1x. 
Global system for mobile communications (GSM)
Developed on TDMA protocol in Europe, GSM is now the worldwide standard technology for mobile communications. The advantage of GSM is that it provides a high level of security, globally accepted technology standards and superior sound quality.
For any GSM phone to work, it requires a Subscriber Identity Module (SIM), a card that contains your telephone account information. Thus, an Indian GSM phone can be used in USA and other countries too.
Wireless technology platforms: GPRS, EDGE and WAP
What is GPRS?

GPRS, short for General Packet Radio Services, is an enhancement to GSM technology that integrates GSM and IP technology. GPRS offers an always-on, high speed connectivity to the Net. Thus you can check your email on the move and surf the Web at high speeds. Currently BPL Mobile and Hutch (Orange in Mumbai) offer GPRS services in India.
What is WAP?

In this hi-tech age, people on the move need any-time access to the Net. This is where WAP comes in. It provides Internet access to cell phones. It is an open standard for wireless protocols that is independent of the service providers. To display Web content, the cell phone must have a WAP browser. Nowadays, cell phones often come with WAP and GPRS technology.
WAP and GPRS also allows you to download games, send mail and even transfer your messages to your PC.
What is EDGE?
The new EDGE ((Enhanced Data GSM Environment) interface has been developed specifically to meet the bandwidth needs of 3G. Promoted by Ericsson, it offers high-speed data transfers over GSM networks with just a software upgrade to the handset. EDGE allows speeds up to 384 kbps.

Mobile computing can improve the service you offer your customers. For example, when meeting with customers you could access your customer relationship management system - over the internet - allowing you to update customer details whilst away from the office. Alternatively, you can enable customers to pay for services or goods without having to go to the till. For example, by using a wireless payment terminal diners can pay for their meal without leaving their table.
More powerful solutions can link you directly into the office network while working off site, for instance to access your database or accounting systems. For example, you could set up a new customer's account, check prices and stock availability, place an order online
This leads to great flexibility in working - for example, enabling home working, or working while travelling. Increasingly, networking 'hot spots' are being provided in public areas that allow connection back to the office network or the internet. The growth of cloud computing has also impacted positively on the use of mobile devices, supporting more flexible working practices by providing services over the internet. For more information see our guide on cloud computing.

There are costs involved in setting up the equipment and training required to make use of mobile devices. Mobile IT devices can expose valuable data to unauthorised people if the proper precautions are not taken to ensure that the devices, and the data they can access, are kept safe. See our guide on securing your wireless systems.

How Can Communication Technology Help You To Be Profitable ?

The demand for access to business information and applications through mobile technologies such as the Apple iPhone and iPad, devices running Google Android and Windows 7 Mobile or using RIM Blackberry is surging as consumer preferences and behavior spill over into the business workforce. The massive growth of adoption of these technologies around the world has many business managers wondering how to effectively position their firms to benefit from the trend. The drive for mobility is part of the business technology agenda for most companies today. Obviously, however, in a business rather than personal context, more types and complexity of information are needed, ranging from access to documents and presentations, to status on initiatives and processes, and for specific application needs to perform various business intelligence functions.

 Against this fast-moving mobile background it is clear that just having mobile access to e-mail is profoundly insufficient for increasing productivity and producing better-informed employees. The integration of mobile devices such as laptops, tablet computers, PDAs and smartphones, along with their various applications and software, make it easier than ever for workers to collaborate and businesses to communicate with staff, customers, and vendors.
Mobile technology allows people to use company data and resources  without being tied to a single location. Whether your staff are travelling to meetings, out on sales calls, working from a client's site or from home anywhere on the globe, mobile devices can help them keep in touch, be productive, and make use of company resources.
Mobile IT devices can also change the way your company does business - new technologies lead to new ways of working, and new products and services that can be offered to your customers. They can make your team more efficient, more creative, and more valuable to your clients.
Every day businesses are learning more about the ways mobile technology can be used to increase their productivity and lead to increased profitability. Below are some of the key areas in which mobile technology can be useful:

Networking / Communication

Mobile technology allows companies to have an unprecedented level of connectivity between employees, vendors, and/or customers. Workers can download applications on their mobile devices that allow them to connect with others through social media such as LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter; or the firm can use native or web-based applications to enable direct communication with these audiences in a variety of ways.
Real-time communication with the office can be important in delivering business benefits, such as efficient use of staff time, improved customer service, and a greater range of products and services delivered. Examples might include:
  • making presentations to customers, and being able to download product information to their network during the visit
  • quotations and interactive order processing
  • checking stock levels via the office network
  • interacting with colleagues while travelling - sending and receiving emails, collaborating on responses to tenders, delivering trip reports in a timely manner


Because of the interactive nature of mobile technology, sharing information through this medium allows businesses to get immediate feedback on products and services from customers. This speed and accessibility have led to faster research and development for companies, an important part of staying ahead of the competition. It has also led to product upgrades moving at a faster rate. In addition, customers and clients feel as if they have a more direct role in a company's development.


Mobile technology has introduced a new dimension into advertising and marketing for businesses worldwide. Potential customers now see business advertisements on mobile phones thru a wide variety of mobile marketing technologies including: SMS (text) messaging, mobile websites, mobile applications, banner ads, QR codes, IVR messaging and more.
These advertisements can be customized to reach a more specific, targeted audience thanks to software that "reads" the website or information individuals are seeking on their mobile device and displaying advertisements that relate to that information. Marketing is made more effective by this customization, and because most customers / potential customers always have a mobile device handy, their exposure to advertisements is increased.
Studies indicate that:
  • 97% of mobile subscribers will read an SMS (text) message within 15 minutes of receiving it; 84% will respond within 1 hour. (do you know any other medium that gets your target's attention that fast? I don't!)
  • Average campaign response rates are typically 12 - 15% (as opposed to direct mail which averages 2 - 3%); some companies are seeing response rates as high as 60%+!
  • Mobile is NOT just for teens and twenty-somethings; prime purchasers in the 35 - 44 and 45 - 54 age brackets are also strongly embracing the use of Mobile
  • While 65% of email is spam, less than 10% of SMS is.
  • A recent study by indicates that almost 40% of consumers are extremely interested in receiving mobile coupons for a wide variety of services / purchases!
  • Demand for mobile websites is expected to exceed PC accessible websites sometime in 2011; if you don't have one, you need one very soon!


Mobile ticketing   
Tickets can be booked and cancelled mobile phones using a variety of technologies. Users are then able to use their tickets immediately, by presenting their phones at the venue.
Mobile vouchers, coupons and loyalty cards
Mobile technology can also be used for the distribution of vouchers, coupons, and loyalty cards. These items are represented by a virtual token that is sent to the mobile phone. A customer presenting a mobile phone with one of these tokens at the point of sale receives the same benefits as if they had the traditional token.
Content purchase and delivery
Mobile content purchase and delivery mainly consists of the sale of ring-tones, wallpapers, and games for mobile phones, and is evolving into the purchase and delivery of full-length music tracks, video, books and more.
Location-based services
Knowing the location of the mobile phone user allows for location-based services such as:
  • Local discount offers
  • Local weather / news / sports
  • Tracking and monitoring of people
  • Traffic reporting
Information services
A wide variety of information services can be delivered to mobile phone users in much the same way as it is delivered to PCs. These services include:
  • International and national News / sports
  • Stock quotes
  • Financial records
Mobile banking
Banks and other financial institutions use mobile commerce to allow their customers to access account information and make transactions, such as:
  • check bank balances
  • process bill payments
  • transfer funds between accounts
  • verify deposits and other transactions
Mobile brokerage
Stock market services allow the subscriber to react to market developments in a timely fashion and irrespective of their physical location.
Mobile Purchase
Merchants accept orders from customers electronically via mobile device thru mobile websites and/or apps. In some cases, catalogs delivered via mobile.  


Mobile technology can improve the services you offer your customers.  For example, when meeting with customers you can access your firm's customer relationship management system - over the internet - allowing you to update customer details while away from the office. Alternatively, you can enable customers to pay for services or goods without having to write a check or swipe a credit or use cash. More powerful solutions can link you directly into the office network while working off-site to access such resources as your database or accounting systems. For example, you could:
  • set up a new customer's account
  • check prices and stock availability
  • place an order online
Mobile technology leads to great flexibility in working - for example, enabling home working, or working while travelling. The growth of cloud computing has also impacted positively on the use of mobile devices, supporting more flexible working practices by providing services over the internet. 

Mobile technology solutions may include:

  • mobile infrastructure,
  • mobile website and/or application development,
  • mobile commerce solutions,
  • mobile marketing solutions,
  • mobile communication solutions,
  • mobile technology hardware / software management solutions,
  • GPS tracking solutions,
  • much, much more.
Organizations that embrace mobility for business purposes likely will become not just more efficient, but also places where more people want to work. This could be an edge for employers in the increasing competitive challenges of recruiting and retaining talent in the coming decade.

My Hobby

Different people have different hobbies and interests as regard their specific instincts and behavior,concepts or thoughts. Hobbies can be different for different people but may be specific for a special cult or class of people who shares common interest or feature.
In fact, I want to say that my favorite hobby is surfing the Internet. During my free time, I love to surf the Internet. I'm always eager for knowledge and there's a lot of information and data on the Internet. It provides me with any subject I want to know such as news, history, scientific update. With a couple clicks on, I can get access to vast amount of information from all around the world. For example, if I want to know about global warming, instead of going to library and digging myself among tons of books, I can watch on-line video and read about it from my home.
Internet surfing is relatively new hobby in the world of hobbies and it is becoming more influencing with the progress in telecommunication sector. Inter net is an important part of life in today's century as it covers all aspects of life and benefit one the most. Whether you are student or teacher,child or grown up man,woman or man,mother or father,smaller or elder,you will find a lot for your benefit and learning whether you are surfing for pleasure or learning material,business or information,every thing is available in a large variety and spectrum.
Moreover, the Internet really helps me improve my English. In the past, it is difficult to find materials to learn English and most of them at my univerisity library are outdated. Nowadays, there are many websites that offeres English learning materials in many formats, like e-books, audiobooks, and broadband video. I can sit in front of my notebook at practice reading, writing, listening or even speaking skill through the Internet.
Finally, I have many friends through the Internet. There're many website, webboards, and blogs  that people can express and share their interests. I surf the inter net regularly on daily basis and fervently enjoys the innovations being in progress in the web development field. Though I am not a web programmer but aspires to become one of the coolest member of the top web development teams.
Besides all the above benefits of inter net,one should have be well aware of hackers,viruses and other useful information steal softwares along with the fake people trying to get your passwords to launder money from your bank account and the like stuff. Anyway,internet is a great source of pleasure,music,learning,personal development,home based earning,remote job management and above all the business side of it.

Thursday, 12 April 2012

Examples Of Communication Technology

Today the world is considered as a global village, this has happened only due to the increase in communication technology.  The world is becoming smaller and smaller because of the use of highly advanced communication tools. 

An example of communication technology is teleconferencing. Teleconferencing is a telephone call between two or more people. The most simple form of teleconferencing is using three-way calling to setup your own teleconference between yourself and two other participants. More advanced PBX equipment can setup conference calls between more than three participants. Most businesses choose to use a teleconferencing service instead of purchasing and maintaining their own teleconferencing systems. Another advancement in the communication is the fax which is know as facsimile. It is a telecommunication technology used to transfer copies of documents, especially using affordable devices operating over the telephone network. The device is also known as a telecopier in certain industries. When sending documents to people at large distances, faxes have a distinct advantage over postal mail in that the delivery is nearly instantaneous, yet its disadvantages in quality have relegated it to a position beneath email as the prevailing form of electronic document transferal.

What Is Communication Technology ?

Technology plays an important  role in our society. Technology is  part our daily life and without it our living would not exist like now. Communication technology has contributed to globalization more than any other factor. The innovations in communication technology have promoted cooperation among nations and also have helped in greater interaction between people of different cultures. 

Globalization is dependent on communication technology, and communication technology is in turn dependent on globalization. Various reports over the years have concluded that communication technology will become one of the vital components in governance, and lead to a more transparent public administration system. Already, America and majority of countries in Europe have implemented a governing system that is based on the sharing of data and information and many developing countries like India, China and Brazil are following suit. Experts are of the view that putting a strategic communication technology system in place will help the developing countries to get better access to information from developed nations, and this could help them to compete in the world economy. Governments can now exchange data, research, analysis, and reports with each other on a real-time basis and this has led to increased cooperation between nations.

Examples Of Technology ?

Astronomy, airplanes, telephones, electric lights, and motorized vehicles are all examples of technology, which is the application of scientific discoveries to physical use. Computers, the internet and cellular phones are examples in the field of electronics, which is the most widely recognized technological field. Other examples include microwave ovens, DVD players, iPod, and remote controls for video and audio devices.


What Is Technology?

  • Technology is about taking action to meet a human need rather than merely understanding the workings of the natural world, which is the goal of science. The invention of the microscope was driven by a need to explore the world of the small, beyond our unaided vision. This technological solution to a long standing problem has in turn enabled us to understand more the workings of the world which in turn has led to the development of more technologies.
  • It uses much more than scientific knowledge and includes values as much as facts, practical craft knowledge as much as theoretical knowledge. The iPod is an example of where the physics of making a small device carry so much music is married with creative design to make an iconic must have accessory.
  • It involves organized ways of doing things. It covers the intended and unintended interactions between products (machines, devices, artifacts) and the people and systems who make them, use them or are affected by them through various processes. Many people like to drink coffee, often in a coffee shop. That coffee may have come from trees which have been bred specifically for increased yields that support a small farmer and his family but that requires pesticides that were developed and manufactured in another country. The harvested coffee beans will themselves be transported around the world, to be processed and placed in packages which are are distributed to shops that then make the cup of coffee in a polystyrene cup that was manufactured for the purpose but which then needs to disposed of and so on. Every choice we make relies on, and feeds, a highly interdependent and far reaching way of life where some have much and some have little.
  • Technology is a hands on, can do profession where people have to be skilled in many of the following: engineering, communicating, designing, developing, innovating, managing, manufacturing, modelling, and systems thinking. But technology also gives us various products which can be used for good or ill or where the benefits are disputed and similarly the processes involved in producing and using technology means that we should all take an interest in whether it provides us and everyone else with a sustainable future.